Drones are mainly used for flying in good weather, and the winter months normally come with some harsh weather. But with some preparation you
will be able to successfully capture the winter from above!
Step #1: Ice
Ice is just as much as a problem for airplanes and helicopters as it is drones. You need to be cautious of the propellers getting covered in ice because it effects its weight and flight greatly. You need to be extra careful with this when flying over bodies of water.
Step #2: Battery Life
When a battery gets cold it tends to die quicker. This is why it is very important to have spares around. It is a good idea to keep your spare batteries in the car if you are flying nearby. Make sure you let your drone hover for a bit before flying to get everything warmed up.
Step #3 Visibility
In winter also comes a lot of fog. In the beginning of the winter season the visibility is particularly worse when flying over water. Fog may provide a cool effect with you footage but just be cautious with your altitude and distance you fly.
Step #4 Exposure and White Balance
Always remember to shoot in raw format. Remember that a camera’s exposure system will usually underexpose snow, so you’ll want to use some exposure compensation, most of the time about a stop or so. Also you’ll see that the white balance skews toward blue a little. So be sure to compensate for that as well.
Step #5: Density Altitude
With cold air comes lower density altitude you’ll be flying in. Colder air is thicker, which means the props take a larger “bite” of air, moving a greater mass of it backward which moves the drone more effectively. You will notice a slight performance gain. On average a Phantom 4 maxes out at 22 mph in summer weather, and can reach 24 mph in the winter.